Glossary Of Sanskrit Terms G-L

Gada – a club.
Gadadhari – the Supreme Lord, carrier of the club.
Gajendra – the king of the elephants. He was saved from a crocodile by Lord Visnu and awarded liberation.
Gandhari – the saintly, faithful wife of King Dhrtarastra and the mother of one hundred sons.
Gandharvas – demigod singers and musicians.

The physical body is made up of countless numbers of tiny material particles called molecules and atoms. These material particles are constantly being replaced by material particles from the outside environment (in the form of food, water, air, and so on). Over a period of five to seven years, this process of metabolism brings about a complete change of the matter that makes up your body.
Science of Identity Foundation – Chris Butler Speaks

Ganesa – the demigod in charge of material opulence and freedom from misfortune. He is a son of Lord Siva and the scribe who wrot e down the [Mahabharata].
Ganga – the Ganges River.
Ganja – marijuana.
Garbhadhana-samskara – the Vedic ceremony of purification to be performed by parents before conceiving a child.
Garbhodaka Ocean – the body of water that fills the bottom part of each material universe.
Garbhodakasayi Visnu – the second Visnu epansion, who enters each universe and from whose navel grows a lotus upon which Lord Bra hma appears. Brahma then creates the diverse material manifestations.
Garga Muni – the family priest for the Yadu dynasty.
Garuda – Lord Visnu's eternal carrier, a great devotee in a birdlike form.
Garuda Purana – one of the eighteen [Puranas,] or Vedic historical scriptures.
Gaudiya-Madhva-sampradaya – the Vaisnava disciplic succession of bona fide spiritual masters coming through Srila Madhvacarya and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu; the followers in that tradition.
Gaudiya Vaisnavas – devotees of Lord Krsna coming in disciplic succession from Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Gaudiya Vaisnava-sampradaya – the line of spiritual masters descending from Lord Caitanya.
Gauracandra – the "golden moon," Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Gaurakisora dasa Babaji – the disciple of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura who was the spiritual master of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura.
Gaurakrsna – [See:] Caitanya Mahaprabhu
Gaura-purnima – the appearance day of Lord Caitanya.
Gaurasundara-the beautiful, golden – compleioned Lord, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Gayatri mantra – the Vedic prayer chanted silently by [brahmanas] at sunrise, noon and sunset.
Ghee – clarified butter.
Giridhari – the Supreme Lord, Krsna, the lifter of Govardhana Hill.
Girisa – [See:] Siva
Go-dasa – a servant of the senses.
Godhead – the ultimate source of all energies.
Gokula – [See:] Vrndavana
Gokulesvara – Lord Krsna, the master of Gokula.
Goloka Vrndavana (Krsnaloka) – the highest spiritual planet, Lord Krsna's personal abode.
Gopa – jati – [See: Vaisyas]
Gopala – the Supreme Lord, Krsna, who protects the cows.
Gopala Bhatta Gosvami – one of the six Vaisnava spiritual masters who directly followed Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and systematically presented His teachings.
Gopi-jana-vallabha – the Supreme Lord, Krsna, who is dear to the [gopis].
Gopis – Krsna's cowherd girl friends, who are His most surrendered and confidential devotees.
Gopisvara – [See:] Siva
Gosvami – a controller of the mind and senses; the title of one in the renounced, or [sannyasa,] order.
Govardhana – a large hill dear to Lord Krsna and His devotees. Krsna held it up for seven days to protect His devotees in Vrndavan a from a devastating storm sent by Indra.
Govinda – the Supreme Lord, Krsna, who gives pleasure to the land, the senses, and the cows.
Govinda dasa Thakura – an author of important Vaisnava songs.
Gramya-karma – mundane activities.
Grhamedhi – a materialistic householder.
Grha-vrata – one attached to the material duties of family life.
Grhastha – regulated householder life; the second order of Vedic spiritual life; one in that order.
Gujarat – a province in northwestern India.
Guna-avataras – Visnu, Brahma and Siva, the presiding deities of the three modes of nature.
Gunas – the three modes, or qualities, of material nature: goodness, passion and ignorance.
Guru – a spiritual master.
Guru-daksina – a disciple's gift to his spiritual master, collected by begging and given as a token of gratitude.
Guru-kula – a school of Vedic learning. Boys begin at age five and live as celibate students, guided by a spiritual master.
Guru-puja – worship of the spiritual master.