Glossary Of Sanskrit Terms G-L

Jada – dull or material.
Jada Bharata – Bharata Maharaja in his final birth as the renounced [brahmana] who gave wonderful spiritual instruction to Maharaja Rahugana.
Jagad-isa – the Supreme Lord, who is the proprietor of all the universes.
Jagai and Madhai – two great debauchees whom Lord Nityananda converted into Vaisnavas.
Jagannatha – the Supreme Lord, who is Lord of the universe; the particular Deity form of that Lord at Puri, Orissa.

Recent studies at the Oak Ridge Atomic Research Center have revealed that about 98 percent of all the atoms in a human body are replaced every year. You get a new suit of skin every month and a new liver every six weeks. The lining of your stomach lasts only five days before it’s replaced. Even your bones are not the solid, stable, concrete – like things you might have thought them to be: They are undergoing constant change. The bones you have today are different from the bones you had a year ago. Experts in this area of research have concluded that there is a complete, 100 percent turnover of atoms in the body at least every five years. In other words, not one single atom present in your body today was there five years ago.*
Science of Identity Foundation – Jagad Guru Speaks
* Taken from Guy Murchie, The Seven Mysteries of Life (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1978), pp. 321 – 22.

Jagat – the material universe.
Jaimini – an atheistic philosopher who advocated material work as the purpose of life.
Jambavati – the daughter of Jambavan. She is one of the eight principal queens of Lord Krsna.
Janaka Maharaja-the father of Sita – devi, consort of Lord Ramacandra.
Janaloka – a heavenly planet.
Janamejaya Maharaja – the son of King Pariksit.
Janardana – the Supreme Lord, the original abode of all living beings.
Janas – [See:] Janaloka.
Janmastami – the celebration of Lord Krsna's appearance in the material world.
Japa – the soft recitation of the Lord's holy names as a private meditation.
Jara – old age.
Jata-karma – a purificatory ceremony performed at the birth of a child.
Jaya – an exclamation meaning "all victory to you!" or "all glories to you!"
Jaya and Vijaya – two doorkeepers of Vaikuntha who were cursed for offending the four Kumara Rsis but who attained liberation after three births as demons.
Jayadeva Gosvami – a great Vaisnava poet who wrote [Gita-govinda].
Jayanteyas – nine great sages, sons of King Bharata, who were also known as the nine Yogendras.
Jitendriya – one who has conquered his senses.
Jiva (jivatma) – the living entity, who is an eternal individual soul, part and parcel of the Supreme Lord.
Jiva Gosvami – one of the six Vaisnava spiritual masters who directly followed Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and systematically present ed His teachings.
Jivan-mukta – a person who is liberated even while living in his present body.
Jiva-tattva – the living entities, atomic parts of the Supreme Lord.
Jnana – transcendental knowledge.
Jnana-kanda – the portions of the [Vedas] containing knowledge of Brahman, or spirit.
Jnana-yoga – the path of spiritual realization through a speculative philosophical search for truth.
Jnani – one who cultivates knowledge by empirical speculation.
Jyotih-sastra – the Vedic science of astronomy.