Glossary Of Sanskrit Terms P-S

Padma – the lotus flower held by Lord Visnu.
Padma Purana – one of the eighteen [Puranas,] or Vedic historical scriptures.
Padya – water ceremoniously offered for washing an honored guest's feet.
Panca-gavya – five products from the cow, used in bathing a worshipable person. The are milk, yogurt, ghee, cow urine and cow dung.
Panca-mahayajna – the five daily sacrifices householders perform to become free from sins committed unintentionally.

Often people try so hard to find happiness through sense pleasure that they may attempt to gratify several or all of their senses at the same time. For example, you may simultaneously be watching TV, listening to the radio, munching potato chips, sipping beer, and smoking a cigarette. Perhaps you may have your arm around the shoulders of your girlfriend or boyfriend. You may also have a magazine at your side, which you look at during commercials. You try to fill up every sense; yet still you’re not satisfied; still you want something more.
Science of Identity Foundation – Jagad Guru Speaks

Pancaratra – Vedic literatures describing the process of Deity worship. [See also: Narada-pancaratra]
Pancaratrika-vidhi – the devotional process of Deity worship and [mantra] meditation found in the [Pancaratra] literature.
Panca-sasya – five kinds of grains.
Pancopasana – the impersonalists' worship of five deities (Visnu, Durga, Brahma, Ganesa and Vivasvan) that is motivated by the desire to ultimately abandon all conceptions of a personal Absolute.
Pandavas – Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva, the five warrior-brothers who were intimate friends and devotees of Lo rd Krsna.
Pandita – a scholar.
Pandu – the brother of Dhrtarastra and father of the five Pandavas.
Para – transcendental.
Parabrahman-the Supreme Absolute Truth as the Personality of Godhead – Visnu, or Krsna.
Parakiya-rasa – the relationship between a married woman and her paramour, particularly the relationship between the damsels of Vrndavana and Krsna.
Paramahamsa – a topmost, swanlike devotee of the Supreme Lord; the highest stage of [sannyasa].
Paramatma – the Supersoul, a Visnu expansion of the Supreme Lord residing in the heart of each embodied living entity and pervadin g all of material nature.
Paramesvara – the supreme controller, Lord Krsna.
Parampara – a disciplic succession.
Para prakrti – the superior energy of the Supreme Lord.
Parardha – one half of Brahma's lifetime; 155,520,000,000 years.
Parasara – the great sage who narrated the [Visnu Purana] and was the father of Srila Vyasadeva.
Parasurama – the incarnation of the Supreme Lord who destroyed twenty-one consecutive generations of unlawful members of the rulin g class.
Parijata flower – a wonderful flower found in the heavenly planets.
Pariksit Maharaja – the emperor of the world who heard [Srimad-Bhagavatam] from Sukadeva Gosvami and thus attained perfection.
Parivrajakacarya – the third stage of [sannyasa,] wherein the devotee constantly travels and preaches.
Parvati – Sati, Lord Siva's consort, reborn as the daughter of the king of the Himalaya Mountains.
Pasandi – an atheist.
Patalaloka – the lowest of the universe's fourteen planetary systems; also, the lower planets in general.
Patanjali – the author of the original [yoga] system.
Pathana – studying the scriptures.
Pauganda – the period of childhood between age five and ten.
Paundraka – an enemy of Lord Krsna who attempted to imitate Him.
Phala-srutis – Sanskrit verses granting various benedictions.
Pinda – an annual offering made to departed ancestors.
Pitas – forefathers; especially those departed ancestors who have been promoted to one of the higher planets.
Pitrloka – the planet of the ancestors, a heavenly planet.